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Project management is the application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities to meet the project requirements. It incorporates the following:
- A focus on controlling the introduction of the desired change
- Capturing project requirements, deliverables, time and resources
- Preparing the business case for a project by managing the risks, issues and changes whilst monitoring progress against the plan and budget
- Identification and maintenance of communications with stakeholders
- Developing and implementing a management plan and leading the team and finally closing the project in a controlled fashion
A Project Manager who is managing a project (that contains an offsite element) will need to work in a manner which allows different forms of construction (modular, volumetric), different logistics and handling requirements and of course very different onsite processes. The use of digital data throughout the project, with the use of systems such as BIM, will also require different project management skills and an ability to work more collaboratively.
Project management techniques and project planning tools are useful for any tasks in which different outcomes are possible - where risks of problems and failures exist - this drives the need for planning resources and organising activities to deliver a successful result.
Project management covers a wide range of applications and can be used for deploying projects in areas and anything else which needs planning and managing within organisations. Project management techniques are not just for project managers - they are available for anyone to use.
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Key terms: Project Management Plan or PMP, Work Breakdown Structure or WBS, the float, Work Packages, Scheduling, Critical Success Factors, Deployment Plan, Implementation Phase, Sponsors, Stakeholders